Fishing, agriculture and forestry are important economic drivers for the riding.
West Nova is home to Lobster Fishing Area 34, which is the largest and most lucrative lobster area on the continent. LFA 34 accounts for 40 per cent of Canadian lobster catches and 23 per cent of all North American landings.
Shipbuilding was a traditional industry of the region, but the decline of wooden ships gave way to other industries. Fishing and agriculture continue to be important industries.
The Annapolis Valley has fertile land for farming, with 3 out of 10 farms in Nova Scotia located in the riding. Berwick is known as the “Apple Capital of Nova Scotia.”
Tourism is important to the economy of West Nova, especially with the re-introduction of the ferry between Maine and Yarmouth in 2016.