Timmins, one of the towns in the southern part of the riding, is about a 720 km, 7.5-hour drive from Parliament Hill, and 718 km from Ottawa. The riding is served by an airport (one of the largest in northern Ontario), the Northland Rail, the Ontario Northland Motor Coach Services, and Timmins Transit.
A huge riding in northeastern Ontario at over 250,000 km2, Timmins—James Bay is Ontario’s second largest by size. It is bordered by James Bay to the northeast and Hudson Bay to the north.
About 3% of the riding’s population are immigrants.
Approximately 19% of the riding’s population identify as Aboriginal. Close to 3,500 people in the riding speak Cree as a mother tongue.
Average individual income is $44,438.
This sparsely populated northern riding has countless lakes, rivers, and trails for its residents.
The Town of Cochrane is home to the Polar Bear Habitat and Heritage Village, a one-of-a-kind polar bear rehabilitation centre that also allows visitors to swim with the bears in a divided pool.
Timmins has a large Francophone population, with a whopping 50% of the riding fluent in both official languages.
Hockey player Tim Horton, founder of the coffee chain that bears his name, was born in Cochrane.
Multi-award-winning country singer Shania Twain was raised and began her music career in Timmins.
The industries that employ the most residents in Timmins—James Bay include health care and social assistance, natural resource extraction and retail.
The average individual income is $38,596 and the median income is $29,662.
Around 47% of the workforce in this riding has a post-secondary education of some kind.
In 2011, the unemployment rate was 9.1%.
The riding is home to several provincial parks, including Polar Bear Provincial Park, Ontario’s largest and most northern park, which is only accessible by air. Abitibi-de-Troyes Provincial Park, accessible only by air or water, features several waterfowl nesting areas.
Timmins began to be settled by gold prospectors around 1907. By 1912, after several mines were established nearby, the town of Timmins was established to house miners. It was named after mining developer Noah Timmins, who invested in the Hollinger Gold Mine. Other mines, including the MacIntyre and Big Dome sites, also housed workers, and the “Big Three” gold mines continued to drive industry in Timmins into the 1950s. Timmins was incorporated into a city in 1973.
Indigenous communities in this riding include:
Moose Cree First Nation Taykwa Tagamou Nation
Matawa First Nations Management
Wabun Tribal Council
Wahgoshig First Nation
MNO Northern Lights Métis Council
MNO Temiskaming Métis Council
MNO Timmins Métis Council