The riding is prominent for its resource based industries, including fishing, forestry, coal mining, and agriculture. The Musquodoboit Valley comprises the largest farming district in the Halifax Regional Municipality. The small family-run farms have had to adapt in recent years to become more industrialized.
The headquarters of national grocery chain Sobeys is in Stellarton. The corporate offices and grocery subsidiaries provide many jobs.
In addition to agriculture, leading industries include education, health care, manufacturing, tourism, and retail. Tourism is a substantial part of the economy, especially during the summer.