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Canada's Government

Although we achieved self-government from Britain in 1867 and officially separated from it in 1931, the Queen of England is still recognized as our official Head of State.

Although we achieved self-government from Britain in 1867 and officially separated
from it in 1931, the Queen of England is still recognized as our official Head
of State.

The Canadian system of government is made up of three powers: the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch.

· Executive branch – This power consists of the Prime Minister (PM) the Cabinet, and the Monarch, which is represented by the Governor General (GG). The executive branch is also called the Government.

· Legislative branch – This power makes laws. It consists of the House of Commons, the Senate, and the Monarch (represented by the Governor General). The legislative branch is also referred to as Parliament.

· Judicial branch – This power resolves disputes according to law and applies the law. The highest court in our country is the Supreme Court of Canada.