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Bills and laws

Bills are written proposals for a new law or a change to an existing law. There are three types of bills: public, private, and Senate bills.

Bills are written proposals for a new law or a change to an existing law.

There are three types of bills: public, private, and Senate bills.

Public Bill – A public bill is an idea for a law relating to public policy. If it comes from an MP, it is called a Private Member’s Bill. If it is sponsored by a Cabinet Minister, it is called a government bill.

Private Bill – A private bill is an idea for a law that would benefit a group or an individual.

Senate Bill – A Senate bill originates, as the name suggest, in the Senate. Such a bill can be public or private.

Once formalized, a bill is introduced either in the House of Commons (HOC) or in the Senate, depending on the house from which it originated. Each bill must be approved by both chambers before it can receive Royal Assent.